Texture refers to the way an object feels to the touch or looks as it may feel if it were touched.  Texture is one of the seven elements of art.  Understanding it fully will lead to stronger drawings and paintings.  .


Lesson 1: Texture 

Materials You Need:


Lesson 2:  Frottage

Frottage is a technique that involves rubbing pencil, graphite, chalk, crayon, or another medium onto a sheet of paper that has been placed on top of a textured object or surface. The process causes the raised portions of the surface below to be translated to the sheet. The term is derived from the French frotter, which means “to rub.”

Materials You Need:

And one of the following: 


Max Ernst: Forest and Sun, 1931, graphite frottage on paper 

Max Ernst, Stealer of Marks. 

Student Examples:  

Lesson 3--Invented Texture

Materials you will need:

Example of Finished Project

Examples of Invented Texture


1. Use large stick letters to write your name, beginning with the first letter touching both the bottom and    left side of your paper.

2. Draw your next stick letter so that it touches both the first letter and the top edge of your paper.

3. Draw the next letter in the same way, this time touching the 2nd letter and the bottom edge of your paper.

4. Repeat this process, alternating with touching the top and bottom edges, finishing with your last letter also touching the right side of your paper.

5. Now draw an outline around each stick letter and fill it in with a black marker, so the letters are nice and thick.

6. Finally, use your fine point marker to fill in the negative spaces inside and around your letters with invented texture

Lines and patterns to create zentangles.docx

Lesson 4--Metal Tooling/Repousse

Metal Tooling/Repousse History

Repoussé, method of decorating metals in which parts of the design are raised in relief from the back or the inside of the article by means of hammers and punches; definition and detail can then be added from the front by chasing or engraving. The name repoussé is derived from the French pousser, “to push forward.” This ancient technique, which has been used extensively throughout the history of metalworking, achieved widespread popularity in Europe during the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries. (http://www.britannica.com/art/repousse) Another name used for this technique is called tooling.

Repousse is an ancient form of art that can be found in Early Greek and Roman art through today. It was used to decorate metal items, in jewelry, and for weapons and armor. The first great advance in metalworking occurred when techniques for making bronze sculpture were developed during the Bronze Age. Brass, an alloy of copper with zinc, came into use later (see brasses, monumental; brasses, ornamental). The Iron Age provided a cheaper medium used chiefly for tools and ornamental ironwork until modern times, when improved methods, alloys, and machinery made iron available and essential to the industrial and structural trades. Pewter, tin, and lead have been used in industrial and art metalwork. 

Methods of shaping metals include drawing, spinning, hammering, and casting; various decorative processes include chasing, damascening, embossing, enamel work, filigree, gilding, inlaying, niello, and repousse. (http://www.1upinfo.com/encyclopedia/M/metalwor.html)


Metal Project Handout.docx


Instructions for Repousse:

Step 1:  On Square Template for Repousse, create 2 different sketches for your design.  

    Step 2After the demo, practice using tooling foil on the scrap piece provided by Mrs. Young.

Step 3:  Upon approval of the design, get your 6"x6" square tooling foil piece from Mrs. Young and transfer your design onto the      metal. 

Step 4:  Use embossing tools and repousse/chasing techniques to create your design. Have some convex & concave lines & shapes. 

Visual Arts.mp4

Instructions for Drawing:

Step 5: Decide where you want to place the metal on the paper (not in the middle!) & with a pencil trace the outline of it. Use double-stick tape to hold it in place. This is your focal point.

Step 6:  Extend your major design elements onto the matte board. You can either keep them in their original state or begin to abstract them.

Step 7:  Use either colored pencils or construction paper crayons to color it. You can either have flat color or add a 3D look with shading (use colored pencil to do this)! You may want to test the colors on scrap black paper before you begin coloring on your actual project. 

    Step 8:  Wait till the drawing portion is finished, then NEATLY glue it onto your matte board if you haven't already.